The Guidelines

The guidelines, which will be presented in the following chapter, are subdivided according to different topics. They are the result of the project work and are based on the consensus of the participants of the LIFE Cooperation project. The guidelines determine the basic framework for tourism and recreation in Natura 2000 areas, which serve as habitats for grouse.

A detailed publication of the guidelines with background information, examples of the implementation and comments will shortly be published in ‘Berichte der Freiburger Forstlichen Forschung’ (Freiburg forest research publication series). It will also be available for download from the project’s homepage (

Regional Differences
For each topic regional differences regarding selected aspects will be illustrated. This will be only a rough outline of the dominant bio-geographical and cultural conditions found in the different regions. The colours represent the degree of pressure on the endangered grouse species and, consequently, the urgency of the respective guidelines.

The subdivision into boreal, atlantic, alpine and continental priority regions largely corresponds to the bio-geographic regions of the same name according to the habitats directive. Since the assessment also takes cultural traditions into account, the Swedish/Norwegian mountain range is considered to be part of the boreal region, although it belongs to the alpine bio-geographic region.

The assessment of the overall situation within ’bio-geographic & cultural sub-units’ refers only to the dominant conditions of a region (marked with a black cross in the table). Undoubtedly, there are also big differences within the different regions (marked with a grey cross), which are not considered separately.

1 = low human pressure / area
2 = intermediate human pressure / area
3 = high human pressure / area

Map of the four biogeographical regions according to the
habitats directive that are relevant to grouse

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