|Tourism | Nature | Grouse | Forestry/Agriculture | Hunting
From Guidelines to practice
Tetraonid birds are important species for nature conservation in Europe and are highly appreciated by a large part of the human population. Their existence in protected areas is valued, which makes them very suitable as flagship species for nature conservation aims. Due to their specific habitat requirements with respect to the habitat structure and the extent of the habitat, grouse may also function as umbrella species and may serve as indicators for a site’s quality.
Where to maintain grouse?
Especially in Central Europe, grouse habitats are limited to comparatively small regions with suitable landscape conditions, wich are strongly influenced or have been created by human activities. In these landscapes habitat management is necessary to maintain grouse.
The protection of grouse may conflict with other nature protection targets like protection of autogenous processes or the protection of other species. In such cases, it must be decided which nature protection aims have priority in which areas.
Basic principles for habitat management
In natural and cultural landscapes the protection of habitats requires different management concepts.
In cultural landscapes where traditional human land use techniques supported grouse (e.g. alpine pasture, forest pasture, extracting litter from the forest), often, habitat quality can often be maintained or restored only by continuing these activities.
The different forest grouse species are adapted to different successional stages of the forest. Species may compete in terms of habitat management
Differences within Europe
In the following, differences of selected aspects of ‘grouse and tourism’ from the viewpoint of nature protection are estimated and illustrated for the different regions: