The Guidelines


Integration and cooperation between different user groups
Many forms of land use are linked up to grouse protection and tourism. Especially in the mountainous areas of Central Europe this often leads to conflicting interests in a limited area. However, there are also opportunities for cooperation. Grouse protection and land use within the same area are often possible. This integration of nature protection and sustainable use is also reflected by the idea of Natura 2000.

  • Mechanisms should be developed for sustaining grouse habitats and populations by combining the activities of different user groups with the needs of grouse
  • Protection measures are better accepted when developed in cooperation with the different local stakeholders.
  • Integrating issues of local identity (traditions, culture, land use practices, economy) into management planning is a key factor for social sustainability.

Regional differences should be considered
There are strong differences regarding the grouse and tourism conditions throughout Europe. Scandinavia and Central Europe can be regarded as the two extremes. In Central Europe there are strong traditions with respect to tourism and the mechanisms that are developed aim at improving the existing situation. In contrast, Scandinavia has the chance to develop new mechanisms for sustainable nature tourism.

  • Although guidelines should be standardised throughout Europe, they must be adapted to the different regional situations.
  • The transfer of the guidelines to concrete measures should be done in cooperation with local scientists, land users, tourist enterprises etc. so that the local conditions are taken into account.

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